Producers – record companies
In 1993, with the law 2121/1993 on copyright and neighbouring rights, the state, in harmonization of community and international conventions, instituted the neighbouring rights of performers, performers and producers of sound materials.
The producers-record companies are natural or legal persons, on whose initiative and responsibility the first recording of a series of sounds is made only. That is, they are the persons who bore the organizational responsibility and investment initiative of the first registration, of the financial risk, of the responsibility of coordination and implementation of the project and they own (or control exclusively) the claim of reasonable remuneration.
Pursuant to Law 2121/1993, the producer cannot collect individually the rights arising from nos. 18, 49 of Law 2121/1993, but the collection and management of these rights (relatives) is mandatory by a collective management organization . At the same time, the Grammo Organization receives a fee for specific categories of services arising from no. 47 of Law 2121/1993. Such services are dubbing and non-interactive online services. The fee for the right of no. 47 from the interactive internet services, such as the services YouTube, Spotify, Deezer, etc., is managed individually by the producers-record companies.
Grammo was created in July 1994 in the form of a civil non-profit organization, with the aim of collectively managing the neighbouring rights of music producers, as set out in Law 2121 of 1993 on “Copyright, Related Rights and Cultural Matters”.
The responsibilities of the organization include:
• The management and protection of the property right of the beneficiary producers.
• The collection and distribution of the neighbouring right as defined by article 18 and in some cases no. 47 of Law 2121/1993.
• The distribution of the collected amounts of no. 49 by GEA to the beneficiary producers-recording companies.
For the calculation of the amount to be distributed to the beneficiary-producers, the following factors are taken into account:
1. Market share
2. Market share of sales of natural products
3. Market share of sales of digital products
4. Frequency of appearance of a registered repertoire of the producer-record company in the official airplay of the radio and television stations.
5. Frequency of appearance of the registered repertoire of the producer-record company in the PLAY-LISTS of music users.
6. The amount paid by the user (business, radio or television station, internet service) for the PLAY-LIST he submits.
Learn more through the official website of the Organization www.grammo.gr .